Mission: Raising funds that significantly contribute to the conservation of tigers in the wild. Selecting appropriate projects based on strict criteria agreed by the partners in alignment with the Global Tiger Recovery Program. Raising the profile of tigers and promoting public awareness of tiger conservation through effective communication
Species: Amur tiger
Location: Russian Far East
Amount donated: £47,556 to help carry out tiger census studies in Russia, tiger behaviour studies through telemetry, festivals to raise awareness and patrols to tackle fire-fighting and illegal logging.
Background: Amur Tigers are restricted to the Sikhote Alin Mountains in Far East Russia, bordering the Sea of Japan. In this region, the overall population of tigers is split due to a strip of development between habitat areas. Amur Tiger pug marks (or tracks) have been used to count the population size. Studies in 2005/2006 indicate that the population is steady in size with 334-417 adults and 97-112 cubs.
Over recent times, there has been a slight decrease in cub survival because of logging and roads disrupting the continuous nature of the habitat. In addition to suffering from habitat loss and degradation, Amur tigers are also threatened by loss of prey species (as these are hunted by humans), hunting of the big cat itself and human-wildlife conflict. In fact, 2005/2006 was a bad winter for human-tiger conflict issues, with injured, young or old tigers struggling to find food and coming into towns to prey on livestock.
An organisation called the Amur Leopard and Tiger Alliance (ALTA) carries out the largest proportion of tiger work in the Russian Far East and is the most significant driving force behind tiger conservation, so far providing $7,500,000. Between 1998 and 2006, Action for the Wild donated significant funds to 21st Century Tiger, one of the main sponsors of ALTA.